The contribution of the fishery is not just the benefit from the industry, but also a culture, belief and lifestyle. Taiwan has one of the highest densities of fishing ports in the world, with a fishing port every 7.5 kilometers. However, the business fishery is still mysterious for most people, as most don’t know a lot about how different fishing methods work, what kind of species make up the seafood market, how the fishing activity affects our marine environment, and what kind of fishery management regulations exist.
At the same time, although Taiwan has taken conservation measures for coastal and offshore fishery resources in recent years, the effectiveness of resources rebuilding is unclear. Many initiatives, such as marine protected areas (MPAs), are frequently opposed by fishermen. Therefore, to listen to the fisherman's voice is an important way to bridge the gap between the general public. Sustainable use may enable the public to provide more insightful advice on conservation and sustainable industrial development.
Pei reviewed management measures and interviewed 313 fishermen by purposive stratification and snowball sampling in past two years in northern Taiwan, and found there were different perceptions of threat in different groups of fishermen (age, fishing effort and fishing method), which may cause a negative impact to the marine fishery resources and the different opinions toward fishery management regulation.